Jesus did go as decreed, but his going was not because of Judas’ betrayal, or Annas, or Caiaphas, the Jews, Pilate, Herod, or the Roman death squad. Peter, preaching on the Day of Pentecost only weeks after the crucifixion said, Acts 2:23 This man was handed over to you by God’s set purpose and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross. Jesus’ death was decreed by Father God.

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO LUKE CHAPTER 22

As It Has Been Decreed (Luke 22:21-30)

By Pastor Delbert Young

As It Has Been Decreed - video audio notes Luke 22:21-30

audio

As It Has Been Decreed (Luke 22:21-30)

Scriptures: Luke 22:15, Luke 22:20-21, Luke 22:22, Acts 2:23, Acts 4:27-28, Isaiah 53:4, 10, Luke 22:23, Luke 22:24, Luke 22:25, John 13:4-5, Luke 22:28-30, Ephesians 2:20, Luke 22:31-32

As a quick refresh as to where we left off before Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday in our The Gospel According to Luke study, in extreme secrecy Jesus set up what we call the “Last Supper.”

Luke 22:15 And he said to them, “I have EAGERLY DESIRED to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.”

(KJV) Luke 22:15 And he said unto them, With DESIRE I HAVE DESIRED to eat this passover with you before I suffer

This was an extremely important meal to Jesus and he could not allow Judas to spoil it. As we saw, Jesus terminated the Old Covenant by terminating Passover and inaugurated the New Covenant by instituting Communion. Immediately, and seemingly with the same breath, he spoke a stunning statement only separated by a conjunction.

Luke 22:20-21 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the NEWCOVENANT IN MY BLOOD, which is poured out for you. BUT the hand of him who is going to betray me is WITH MINE ON THE TABLE.

There were only twelve other people there – twenty-four other hands. You can imagine the knee-jerk reaction as everyone snatched back their hands from the table. What would Judas’ thoughts have been? “Does he actually know what I’ve done?” Judas had made his deal with the devil (Luk 22:3) and Jesus knew. Does Jesus know what we’ve done? Have you ever betrayed someone? If so, remember how horrible it felt when you knew they knew, but Judas didn’t seem to respond this way. He was full of Satan.

Luke 22:22 The Son of Man will go AS IT HAS BEEN DECREED, BUT woe to that man who betrays him…”

Jesus did go as decreed, but his going was not because of Judas’ betrayal, or Annas, or Caiaphas, the Jews, Pilate, Herod, or the Roman death squad. Peter, preaching on the Day of Pentecost only weeks after the crucifixion said,

Acts 2:23 This man WAS HANDED OVER TO YOU BY GOD’S SET PURPOSE AND FOREKNOWLEDGE; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross.

Jesus’ death was decreed by Father God. They only fulfilled God’s purpose. Jesus wasn’t handed over by Judas. Jesus was not a victim. Jesus is a victor. Recall, Satan did not want Jesus to go to the cross. The cross meant the crushing of Satan’s head. (see “Then Satan Entered Judas Called Iscariot” found at So who actually was responsible for killing Jesus? In a prayer by the apostles prayed to the “Sovereign Lord” (Act 4:24) we read,

Acts 4:27-28 Indeed Herod and Pontius Pilate MET TOGETHER with the Gentiles and the people of Israel in this city to conspire against your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed. THEY DID WHAT YOUR POWER AND WILL HAD DECIDED BEFOREHAND SHOULD HAPPEN.

Jesus’ death was decreed by Father God. The Lamb of God was slain from the foundation/creation of the world (Rev 13:8). The Greek word translated met together is sunago {soon-ag’-o} – to gather together, fishes of a net in which they are caught, to join together, join in one (those previously separated). The Sovereign Lord “netted”Herod, Pontius Pilate, the Gentiles, and the people of Israel together into Jerusalem (net) at the perfect time to form the perfect storm to kill Jesus. This is correct doctrine and what the apostles believed, taught, and preached. Satan isn’t acknowledged because Satan didn’t want the cross. Contrary to Bill O’Reilly’s best seller Killing Jesus, it wasn’t Herod, Pilate, the Roman death squad, or the people of Israel. The Sovereign Lord was responsible. Jesus’ death was decreed by Father God.

Isaiah 53:4 Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered himSTRICKEN BY GOD, SMITTEN BY HIM, AND AFFLICTED.

Isaiah 53:10 Yet IT WAS THE LORD’S WILL TO CRUSH HIM and cause him to suffer, and though THE LORD MAKES HIS LIFE A GUILT OFFERING, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand.

As difficult as it is to say, and even more difficult to get our heads wrapped around, Father God killed Jesus. Father God forsook Jesus so well Jesus screamed out asking, “Why?” (Mat 27:46). Jesus’ death was decreed by Father God. I think we know he was the Lamb of God, but to actually say Father God killed Jesus doesn’t comfortably fit into our theology. It’s far easier to say Satan did it, but to say Satan killed Jesus is attributing the work of God to Satan. This is called blasphemy. Jesus’ death was decreed by Father God.

I want you to know this to have proper doctrine and understanding. I want you to know how God planned for you, but also ponder how much the Sovereign Lord may be involved in your life. I am not talking about consequences of deliberate sin but is it possible he brought together some perfect storms in your life, or was it Satan? Was it actually this person, or that person? Or was it God netting it all together by his foreknowledge? Why? Love! He was working something into you or out of you for his purpose and decree.

Amazingly, no one specifically suspected Judas (Joh 13:28).

Luke 22:23 They began to question among themselves which of them it might be who would do this.

They noisily accused each other and questioned Jesus asking, “Do you think it’s me? Do you think I’d betray you?” (Mat 26:22). Even Judas asked, “Surely not I, Rabbi?” (Mat 26:25). In John’s gospel, Peter urged John to ask Jesus who he meant. Jesus identified Judas to John by dipping into the paste dip and giving it to Judas (Joh 13:26). Jesus released Judas to go and do quickly his heinous act. No one realized the imminence of the betrayal or suspected Judas was now doing it (Joh 13:29). Could Jesus have stopped the betrayal? Of course! Why did Jesus keep who it was as quiet as he did? Had he revealed Judas the others would have stopped Judas. This couldn’t happen. Jesus wanted to be on the cross in a few hours as the Lamb of God and Jesus was in total control.

Luke 22:24 Also a dispute arose among them as to which of them was considered to be greatest.

As the betrayal was in the works the discussion concerning who the betrayer was quickly deteriorated and transitioned into, “It’s not me because I’m the greatest. I’m the most awesome disciple of all.”You can imagine the conversation. “I always wondered about Thaddaeus over there. And Thomas, he doubts everything anyway. I bet its Thomas, but it’s not me because I’m the most awesome of all.” You’d think they’d ask about the betrayal and comfort Jesus. Instead they postured for position. “If Jesus is betrayed, I should be the leader because I’m the greatest.” It turned into “It’s all about me.” They had done this again and again (Mat 18:1; Mar 9:34; Luk 9:46). It was a constant struggle for them. The frightening part is the whole redemptive plan of God was in their hands.

How quickly we can forgot about the Lord and begin thinking about ourselves. Ever do this? Well, have you done this today? We make great commitments to the Lord. Jesus, only minutes prior had Communion with them showing Communion was to remember him. Minutes later it’s forget Jesus. It’s all about me. And the redemptive plan of God is in our hands. People we love and know go to hell because it’s all about us posturing for position.

Luke 22:25 Jesus said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them; and those who exercise authority over them call themselves BENEFACTORS. BUT YOU ARE NOT TO BE LIKE THAT. Instead, the greatest among you should be like the youngest, and the one who rules like the one who SERVES. For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who SERVES.

His response to those nitwits was very gracious. One would think Jesus would lose it with them. His response to us nitwits today remains gentle. We continue to struggle. Jesus explained how the world desires to be served as Benefactors – benefit from using people. However, if a follower of Jesus, we are expected to serve. So where do you serve? Do you do anything in the kingdom to serve? Imagine if we all found some place to serve. At this point John tells us what happened.

John 13:4-5 so he got up from the meal, took off his outer clothing, and wrapped a towel around his waist. After that, he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples’ feet, drying them with the towel that was wrapped around him.

Think about this. God washed their filthy feet! In those times feet were filthy and the job of the lowest slave. None of the disciples stooped to do it, so Jesus gave them an unforgettable example. The lesson is what brings about true greatness in our lives is not being over others. It’s our willingness to sacrificially serve others. So, when people think of you, do they think of you as a servant who would wash their feet, or a Benefactor using them? OUCH!

Luke 22:28-30 You are those who have STOOD BY ME in my trials. And I CONFER ON YOU A KINGDOM, just as my Father CONFERRED ONE ON ME, so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Jesus didn’t say, “You nitwits who never get anything right…” Instead, he said thank you for sticking with me. Because they had, there would be tremendous rewards. Allow me to take this opportunity to thank many of you who have stood by me in my trials. I am so appreciative and I know the Lord says to you there are amazing rewards for you.

What does this throne stuff mean? To say I totally understand this would be untrue, but I do understand some. Most interpret this as future, but Jesus said, “I confer on you a kingdom,” not “I will confer on you a kingdom” – present tense. He said, “just as my Father conferred one on me,” not will confer – past tense. The word translated confer is diatithemai {dee-at-ith’-em-ahee} – to arrange, dispose of, one’s own affairs. That night Jesus handed over the affairs of the kingdom to the apostles. Jesus inaugurated the Kingdom Age and set its order. His apostles reign, or supersede, the twelve tribes of Israel established by Moses and the Law. The apostles teachings, subjected to the teachings of Jesus, dictate how this age functions.

Ephesians 2:20 built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone.

When we look in retrospect, we easily see this is exactly how it’s worked. This is how Jesus established his church and kingdom. Anything varying from the teachings of Jesus and the apostles is false doctrine.

In one swoop during one meal Jesus (1) terminated the Old Covenant, (2) inaugurated the New Covenant, (3) set the betrayal in motion, and (4) conferred authority for the Kingdom Age. No wonder he desired with desire to have this meal with them. Judas was not allowed to spoil it. Jesus wasn’t completely done yet. He will warn Peter and the others warfare is about to change. We will look at that next time, but I want to read you this as a tease.

Luke 22:31-32 “Simon, Simon, SATAN HAS ASKED TO SIFT YOU as wheat. But I HAVE PRAYED FOR YOU, Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, STRENGTHEN YOUR BROTHERS.”

Just note and remember Satan must ask and be granted permission by God before he can sift you or anyone. Satan’s on a leash. There’s a purpose for the sifting. In Peter’s case it was to prepare him tostrengthen his brothers. Also note when Satan is granted permission to sift you Jesus has alreadyprayed for you.

How much is God involved in your life? Be cautious how much you attribute to Satan. It might be God casting the net working his purpose and foreknowledge in your life. Don’t be so quick to forget about Jesus and think life’s all about you being great. Someone’s eternity could be at stake. Do you serve? Where do you serve? Are you a benefactor or a follower of Jesus? Again, thank you for standing with me in my trials. God has great rewards for you.

Other Related Sermons:

The Resurrection Proofed – Easter sermon video audio notes

Easter Nonsense – sermon video audio notes

I SEE GRACE pt 2 – Easter sermon video audio notes